Reduce Your Risk of Heart Disease

A healthy heart is key to overall health and longevity. Unfortunately, though, the average lifestyle isn’t exactly conducive to heart health. Poor nutrition, being sedentary and inactive, and unhealthy choices like smoking can affect the heart in a number of ways, and can even result in heart disease, heart attack, high blood pressure and other life-threatening complications.

However, you can protect your cardiovascular health and, in the process, live a longer, healthier life. Keep reading to discover the essential steps in reducing your risk of heart disease, and enhancing overall health and quality of life.

Make Healthy Lifestyle Choices 

Certain lifestyle choices can severely impact heart function and overall health. For example, in the interest of heart health and longevity, the following behaviors should be avoided:

  • Smoking. Smoking is one of the primary causes of cardiovascular disease. Stop now, and experience benefits like healthier heart and lung function, enhanced energy and more.
  • Drinking in excess. In moderation, alcohol (especially red wine) can have positive effects on cardiovascular health. However, excess drinking can lead to complications of the liver, kidneys and heart, and can contribute to heart attack and cardiovascular disease.
  • Using drugs. Substance abuse can have numerous effects on the cardiovascular system, including an increased risk of heart disease, heart attack and hypertension.
  • Stress. The way you handle stress can either help or hurt your heart. For example, if you de-stress with alcohol, smoking or other unhealthy methods, you’re setting yourself up for a number of problems. On the other hand, if you take a mindful approach to reducing stress – exercising, meditating, deep breathing, etc. – your heart, and overall health, will thank you.

Get Active

If you lead a sedentary lifestyle, your risk of heart disease is significant. However, by getting active now, you can reduce the risks associated with heart disease, hypertension, diabetes and a host of other conditions, not to mention look and feel your absolute best. Start with at least thirty minutes of moderate exercise, at least three days a week; over time, you can build up to one hour of activity, five or six days per week. And if you’re a total beginner, start slow, be careful not to overexert, and speak to your healthcare provider before beginning a fitness regimen.

Eat for Heart Health

Like regular exercise, a heart-healthy diet can reduce your risk of heart disease and other illnesses. To enhance heart health, incorporate foods like the following into your diet:

  • Fruits and vegetables. Choose a wide variety of produce, and look for bright colors and different textures.
  • Whole grains. Healthy carbs like barley, oats and quinoa can enhance heart function by providing clean, long-lasting energy, and helping the body rid itself of waste.
  • Lean proteins. Fish, chicken and vegetarian protein (soy, beans, nuts, etc.) can reduce the risk of heart disease, and can also aid in weight loss and the management of diabetes.

In addition to adding heart-healthy foods to your meal plan, reduce your risk of cardiovascular disease by avoiding foods like the following:

  • Fatty and processed meats. Red meat, pork and other fatty or processed meats can clog the arteries and increase cholesterol, and should be limited or avoided, altogether.
  • Simple carbohydrates. White bread, potatoes, pastas refined sugar and other simple carbs are associated with weight gain, the development of type 2 diabetes and other complications.
  • Processed meals and snacks. Processed, prepackaged meals and snacks are usually loaded with excess fat, sodium, sugar and other unhealthy ingredients. Skip the packaging and opt for fresh meals with whole ingredients.

Heart disease is a leading cause of death in the United States. And though the average American lifestyle can have a severe impact on cardiovascular function, a few simple changes can have a dramatic effect on heart function and health. With the tips provided here, you can enhance the health of your heart, reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease, and experience better overall health and quality of life.

5 Signs of a Healthy Spiritual Life

Most people go along in life avoiding spirituality or spiritual health matters. Leading a spiritually healthy lifestyle doesn’t necessarily mean going to church every Sunday and saying your Hail Mary’s. It comes in many forms. If you’re finding that your emotional well-being is less than satisfactory, then you might want to examine your spiritual health. If you make a few changes to your lifestyle, you could find yourself on the path to happiness and contentment. Here are 5 signs that things are looking up and you’re leading a spiritually healthy lifestyle.

  1. You’re smiling. Your overall happiness and well-being is affected by a number of things, spirituality being one of them. Getting in touch with your emotions and your inner self will enable you to find your own version of happiness. Through meditation or psychic consultation, peace can be found, and when you find inner peace, you’ll find happiness too.
  2. You’re motivated. If you’re not weighed down emotionally and psychologically, you’ll have more energy to do the things you love. People often describe depression as a physical feeling, not just an emotional or psychological one. It can be hard to haul yourself out of bed and get on with the daily grind. People often describe a fog or a wall in their path. In the case of losing a loved one, depression is a common offers psychic consultation online at an affordable price. People who consult psychics often learn to make peace with loss a lot sooner.
  3. You’re more successful. Your happiness and your motivation will help you become a more successful person. If your mind is occupied with negative thoughts, it can be difficult to get the tasks at hand completed efficiently and effectively. If your mind is clear of these obstacles and unwanted distractions, it leaves a clear path to focus on the here and the now. Meditating every day is a fantastic way to remove the clutter in the mind, and people who meditate find themselves to be happier and more successful human beings.
  4. You’re sleeping well. Getting enough sleep can lead to an fantastic sense of well-being. If we have too little sleep, it can lead to depression and a lack of motivation. People who are more in tune with their spiritual self sleep better, and feel better for it. If you’re mind is free from the stress and clutter of life, you’ll be sleeping like a rock every night.
  5. You’re looking healthier. All of these signs lead to one outcome, you feeling and looking healthier. Once you’ve made peace with loss, you’re moving through the obstacles in life with ease, you’re sleeping well, and you’re feeling motivated, your body will respond accordingly. “Healthy mind, healthy body” as they say. I’m sure you’ve noticed that spiritually healthy people tend to look great. Think of all the gurus and spiritual teachers. Their looks belie their age, and this is due to their inner peace.

Four benefits of using diet pills for weight loss

Diet tablets perform by means of increasing strength in addition to decreasing appetite, the two of which enable you to lose weight. Several possibly support burn fat. Weight loss pills present numerous advantages in comparison to eating alterations or even work out by itself. The advertisers of those products state they might produce considerable weight-loss results, quite a few have harsh negative effects in addition to could be unsafe.


So once check carefully review the components with weight loss supplements to ensure the benefits outweigh the side consequences and also check with a physician previous to making use of just about any diet pills or supplement.

Weight Loss Pills can be a weight loss solution which is constructed with natural elements, which will let you to shed fat effectively along with safely as well as increase the metabolic process along with shed calories. This solution is created using special extracts from vegetation, which increase along with are actually quite efficient pertaining to attractiveness along with lose weight. According to the suggestions from consumers, that losing fatsolution provides excellent final results without having unwanted effects just like diarrhoea as well as a great upset abdomen.

The advantages of WEIGHT LOSS SUPPLEMENTS prolong much beyond merely aiding you lose fat. They could lessen your risk associated with certain kinds of disorders and allow you to be feel and look better. Additional advantages of having these types of diet supplements can be you could find them simply on the market. These kinds of pills can be bought just about everywhere, regardless of whether shopping for the local medicine retailer, or even on the list of stores on the web. Someone could find many supplements with regard to reducing your weight as they are designed to fulfil the requirements of everybody.

Other advantages are under below:

  • Improves cardiovascular fitness:

Chubby individuals are more likely to possess inadequate cardiovascular health insurance and are in larger risk of the cardiovascular invasion. For the reason that one’s heart needs to perform harder for send blood vessels. WEIGHT LOSS PILLS help to improve cardiovascular fitness simply because of shed weight, there is certainly a lesser amount of pressure positioned on heart in addition to veins.

  • Reduced Lipogenesis:

Although a few supplements focus on selling fat-burning results, the prevention of this development involving brand new extra fat, a procedure called lipogenesis. Although a few supplements maintain to possess this influence, once can find few what get attained scientific assistance. Nevertheless, one factor which will appear to decrease it is likely that lipogenesis is betaine. Betaine may slow up the task involving which advertise lipogenesis.

  • Hunger Reductions:

Even though having food which contain soluble fiber and also healthy proteins may help hold anyone sensation complete, these food types contain calories from fat, and also weight-loss calls for caloric restriction. Nonetheless, weight loss supplements can provide appetite suppression what help keep your own carvings from increasing with no regarding caloric intake. Caffeine might reduce your appetite, and also research suggests that this Southern Africa plant based extract Hoodia could possibly have appetite-suppressing characteristics. A study of Phytochemistry, found hoodia-containing substances did result in a smaller reduction in diet, advising the appetite-suppressing influence.

  • Boost Regenerating Energy Costs:

Although a lot of diet supplements can easily motivate improved stamina, which allow you to shed a lot more unhealthy calories through physical exercise, it’s also possible to want to raise the relaxing energy spending. This implies you will be getting rid of a lot more unhealthy calories while you’re relaxing as an alternative to exercising. As recorded inside the review “Effects connected with Multivitamin pill and also Vitamin Dietary supplements upon Adiposity, Energy Costs and also Lipid Information inside Fat Oriental Women printed having a thing while straightforward being a multivitamin pill and also nutrient health supplement could be plenty of in promoting improved energy spending.

Those people who are fat as well as really obese and also endanger regarding to wellness complications should acquire your supplements; individuals who wish to shed a few pounds to suit in favourite outfit should stay clear of DIET PILLS and also as a substitute contemplate added physical exercise and also cutting out harmful food using their weight loss plans. Physicians contemplate individuals “obese” if they are usually 30 percent around the ideal pounds.

Author Bio:

Roger Lacoste is health fitness and also the publisher of this article. He usually spends the majority of his time finding completely new resourceful means of keep fit along with staying healthy. Lacoste wrote this short article expecting to deliver his audience using the benefits of diet pills which may help them in their lifestyle if they hope to lose weight along with continue to be fit. He appeals for buy Phentramin-d bout fitness to make available, benefits of losing weight through diet pills.

Do Not Leave Home without Travel Insurance

One of the biggest mistakes a traveller can make is leaving home without travel insurance. Travel insurance is a policy that is used if you or a loved one has the misfortune of a healthcare emergency while you are on vacation or away from home for any reason. While this might not be something that you have given much thought to buying before you leave your home for a holiday, it is definitely something that you want to have. Unfortunately, almost no one knows exactly when they are going to need medical help. If you happen to need it when you are travelling abroad, you could be facing some serious financial hardships.

Travelling with Medical Conditions

If you are already aware of existing medical conditions before you are planning on leaving home, you should not even think twice about taking out a travel policy. Same thing applies if you or your loved one is elderly. Travel insurance for over 80 with medical conditions by is a way to assure that if the emergency crews need to be called for any reason, you will the medical care that you need. There is nothing worse than having to be hospitalized when you are away from home, other than how much it will cost you to pay the bill. In some countries, they will not allow patients to leave the country if they have to go to the hospital and cannot pay the bill. What started out as a joyful trip or the vacation of a lifetime can quickly turn into a nightmare. When you have travel cover, you can travel with peace of mind knowing that your healthcare needs are covered in case you need them. If you are over 80 years old and going on a trip, it makes no sense to go anywhere outside of your normal travels without insurance. You are almost certainly asking for trouble.

Find Coverage

Medical travel cover is easy to apply for. All you need to do is find a company that offers travel coverage for people over the age of 80 who have pre-existing conditions. In order to qualify in time for your upcoming trip, it is always a good idea to apply for your policy well ahead of your departure date. This way you have plenty of lead time for your policy to start up. Last minute policies may be more expensive or take additional time to process. If you have specific questions about the travel coverages, be sure to ask a representative about what is covered and what is not before leaving home. Many providers are more than happy to discuss what their policies cover and what they do not. The more you know about your travel cover, the better. The last thing you want to do is travel far from home, have a healthcare emergency and find out that your doctor bill is not covered. Safe travels to you!

Chuck Norris Claims Herbal Supplement Industry Needs More Regulation

Chuck Norris has long been an avid health advocate. Norris has been talking about the herbal supplement industry lately, specifically how the lack of regulation in the industry is hurting consumers. In the pharmaceutical industry, drug companies are expected to go through intensive testing procedures that are fully vetted by the FDA. These clinical trials must show marked improvements over time, and they must not have adverse health effects for those that use the products as a health treatment. Only after the drugs are fully vetted and approved by the FDA can they come to market. The process has kept the public protected from some drugs that were poorly made or that had unforeseen negative consequences. Norris correctly says that the herbal supplement industry doesn’t face the same regulation. While the pharmaceutical industry has to prove that their products are safe, the herbal supplement industry can put any product to market that it wants, and the onus is on consumers to prove that it isn’t safe before it gets pulled. There is limited testing of herbal supplement products, and instead of the rigorous evaluation that pharmaceutical drugs go through, herbal supplements often see little oversight throughout the process. Too often, herbal supplement products are only pulled from the shelves after it becomes abundantly clear that they are not safe to use and are a danger to the public.

Too often, herbal supplements contain hidden drugs that are hard to detect. Some of these drugs aren’t approved for over the counter use, such as certain steroids, and similar ingredients to what’s found in Viagra and Prozac drugs. A study by the Journal of the American Medical Association found that 18 of 27 products that were tested had these hidden drugs, with some of them being linked to heart attacks and other serious medical conditions. Unfortunately, it can be difficult to get all of an herbal supplement’s products recalled. Since herbal supplements can be purchased online, they can often be available for years online after a supplement has been removed from stores.

Still, the explosion of herbal supplement providers is undeniable. Herbal supplement companies are using herbal supplement merchant accounts provided by online payment processors such as It is expected that the herbal supplement industry will continue to grow, despite a growing call for more regulatory scrutiny. Chuck Norris’s calls for more regulatory oversight will likely be heard soon, as particular states such as New York, look to make changes to the way that the herbal supplement industry is regulated.

Three tips you can follow to improve mental fitness

Brain is like a muscle. If you do not give it regular exercise, it will lose its tone. In this world which is filled with chaos and pollution, you will find it hard to live with peace of mind. You are surrounded with various factors which are waiting to hit your happiness. These will make you feel disturbed and down. It will be difficult for many people to come out from depression and regain the lost calm and peace. Mental fitness plays a key role in keeping a person happy and satisfied. If you get disturbed soon, it denotes you are mentally weak. A person who is mentally weak will not be potent to prevent or resist stress and tension. This will take his concentration away from his work and will result in spoiling his career. One needs to be both physically and mentally strong for leading a satisfied life and achieving his targets. You can also buy decasteroid to maintain your wellness. You should check reviews of the best sites to buy frombefore ordering the product. If you feel you need to improve your mental fitness, you can follow the tips mentioned in this article.

140Challenge your intellect: By giving healthy challenges to your intellect and memory, you can boost your mental fitness. Stretch yourself mentally by learning new language, playing chess or engaging in crossword puzzles. This will develop the health of your brain and it is also good for your social life. Try to find some more games and give your brain continuous workouts.

Develop reading habit: Reading is one of the most effective tools you can use to improve your mental fitness. Only some among us will have reading as an inherent habit. People who are not inborn readers should develop it, if they want to be mentally fit. Read often and read widely. Keeping an active interest on the world around you will allow your brain to exercise and improve mental fitness. Begin the journey of reading with some simple stuff and select harder works according to the progress in your interest.

Practise meditation: Meditation is being practised from centuries as a healthier way to increase mental fitness. It is all about inner happiness and peace. This technique is adopted by the people all around the world and millions of people are practising it every day for regaining their peace of mind. You can practise meditation and yoga on a regular manner if you wish to enhance your mental fitness and improve your mood. For that, you are required to find a master or an expert. If it is not possible, you can search on the internet and get information on how to do meditation. To buy decasteroid, read reviews of the best sites to buy from to get quality product.

It has become almost impossible to pass a day without stress and tension. No one can escape from them, but can follow effective tricks to come out from them and regain your peace of mind. The tips mentioned in this article are proven to be effective and are free from side effects. Follow them to stay fit and lead a satisfied life.

Conducting a Background on Your Dentist

Dentists must undergo extensive training to receive a license from the American Dental Association. However, some people have been caught practicing without the proper credentials. You should always verify the license of your dentist before working with them. Fortunately, it is pretty easy to do so if you know which steps to take.

How Do You Verify a Dentist’s License?

You will need to contact your state dental board to verify a dentist’s license. Iowa didn’t provide this information online until 2013, but you can now access records on dentists in all 50 states at no charge. There are a number of things that you can find at your dental board’s website:

  • The location of their practice
  • The education your dentist received
  • The license number of the dentist
  • Any specialties and all types of procedures that they are allowed to provide (such as anesthesia or other sedative treatments)
  • Any disciplinary fractions levied against them

This information is extremely important if you are choosing a new dentist. It is pretty quick to access if you take the time to visit it. For example, you can easily find Dr. Barbat’s information at the Michigan Department of Licensing and Regulatory Affairs website, which keeps records from the state dental board.

However, residents of some states might get confused if they are looking for the webpage for local dental records. Most states have a specific website for doing background checks on dentists. However, some states such as Georgia, Florida and Washington require you to check the credentials of dentists on the state health board websites instead. The process is still pretty straightforward, but you will need to take a couple of extra steps. The site will request which profession you want to conduct a background check on, so you will need to specify “dentist” to access the information you are looking for.

These fields generally allow you to search by both license number and profession. If the dentist has provided their license number, then you will be able to verify it more quickly. However, you probably will feel a little awkward requesting that from them, so you will probably need to search for their information by name, address and whatever other details that you have available.

Making Sense of Your Background Check Information

There are a number of factors that you will need to take into consideration while choosing a dentist. You should obviously never work with a dentist that doesn’t have the proper credentials. If you can’t find the dentist listed on the state dental board website, then you should report them immediately. They either never attended dental school, didn’t pass the licensing exams or lost their license for malpractice.

However, some dentists may be licensed but have some infractions against them. You will need to use your judgment before proceeding. Keep in mind that patients can file complaints for personal issues with their dentist or genuine misunderstandings. Most good dentists won’t have anything negative in their report. Others may have a couple things that can be explained if you ask them about it. While doing any background check, you will always need to proceed with an open mind.


Atypical Migraine — Not Your own Average Head ache

What is definitely an atypical migraine? An atypical migraine is really a migraine that isn’t only hard to identify, but difficult to determine. A traditional migraine is really a severe, recurring head ache with discomfort primarily centered on one side from the head and include side effects for example nausea, awareness to gentle, numbness, as well as visual disruptions. These tend to be essentially regarded as atypical by the truth that they don’t fall in to any particular categories and may have little if any symptoms normally associated with a typical migraine, although these people share exactly the same name.

Do you know the symptoms? Diagnosing these types of migraine symptoms could be tricky given that there are various symptoms that not seem like a migraine and a number of symptoms just generally. Atypical migraines might have whole mind pain, instead of just 1 side, and can sometimes include pain within other areas of the body besides the top, such since the abdomen or even face. Numbness or even tingling can be a factor.

A few of these sorts associated with migraines might not even incorporate a headache, making them even more complicated to identify. However, the most popular visual disruptions or aura that many classic migraine victims are familiar with are not really present. Some migraine suffers may have visual disturbances for example lightning mounting bolts or zigzag lines whilst not along with a headache, but those are usually known as ocular migraine headaches, as in opposition to atypical migraine affliction.

What leads to them? No particular cause may be determined for these kinds of migraines even though research indicates that spasms within the blood vessels from the brain can result in an assault. Things for example bright or even florescent lighting, lack associated with sleep, and modifications in climate are thought to trigger a good atypical migraine. Atypical migraines will also be genetic, meaning if a relative has had to deal with them, odds are that an additional relative may too.

So what can help? Classic migraine symptoms could be treated by a number of over the actual counter medicines and discomfort relievers for example ibuprofen as well as aspirin. While these may help, because atypical migraine sufferers often not possess classic signs and symptoms, even dealing with them gets difficult. Someone should checklist as specifically as you possibly can their symptoms to ensure that a physician can recommend something to supply relief for every ailment. Physicians might order a number of different assessments to eliminate other diagnoses before choosing an atypical migraine syndrome since the symptoms existing could signify other suspected health conditions.

These migraine headaches are tricky to find out, so mis-diagnosis could be common. Most of all, patients should contact their doctors and be involved within their line associated with treatment. Since the symptoms tend to be so diverse, only these types of migraine victims can accurately take into account what remedies offer alleviation. As along with all migraine victims, many discover relief prone in the dark, peaceful room till their signs and symptoms resolve.

Knowing Migraine

Migraine is really a neurological syndrome that triggers several signs and symptoms, the the majority of prominent sign being the actual headache. Generally, migraine leads to severe or even moderate one-side as well as pulsating head ache, which might last through four in order to seventy 2 hours. Another symptoms can sometimes include nausea as well as vomiting along with a great awareness to vibrant lights as well as noise. Most the individuals having migraine encounter a previous aura, which provides a unusual light as well as unpleasant odor.

Migraine could be classified in to four types based upon the intensity from the headache specifically, no discomfort, mild discomfort, moderate discomfort and serious pain. Mild discomfort is the one which does not really disturb the typical day-to-day actions, moderate discomfort exists but doesn’t fully avoid usual activities and also the severe discomfort disturbs just about all activities. Probably the most commonly occurring kind of headache may be the migraine without having aura where the patients are afflicted by headache along with unilateral area and reasonable or serious headache together with nausea as well as or higher sensitivity in order to bright lighting and seem.

Migraine without having aura could be diagnosed if you will find at minimum five episodes fulfilling the actual criteria for example untreated head ache for 6 to 48 hours, a minimum of two signs and symptoms of unilateral area, moderate or even severe discomfort, obstructing routine exercise, and pulsing quality. Whilst experiencing the migraine without having aura, there has to be nausea or even vomiting, or even sensitivity in order to light or even sound.

The following common kind of headache is actually migraine along with aura the ones suffering through migraine along with aura could also experience without having aura. Migraine along with aura is seen as a at minimum two episodes with visible symptoms, sensory signs and symptoms and talk disturbance that are all completely reversible. The visible and physical symptoms might affect only one side from the body as well as each sign may final from 5 in order to 60 min’s.

Acephalgic migraine is a kind of migraine where the patient might experience additional symptoms although not headache. Other forms of migraine tend to be abdominal migraine as well as menstrual migraine. The signs or symptoms of migraine change from one patient to a different and consequently, cannot end up being generalized. But nonetheless, there tend to be four stages of migraine specifically, prodrome, which happens hours or even days prior to the headache, the actual aura, that is just prior to the headache, the actual pain stage, which may be the headache and also the post drome.

What causes migraine, referred to as triggers, could be many. They might be due in order to environment, conduct, infection, diet and so forth. The remedy for migraines may change from simple treatments like using hot or even cold water towards the head, getting sufficient rest inside a dark as well as silent room or perhaps a walk at the best time in order to over-the-counter medicines. Naproxen is located to work in aborting migraine headache along with a light or even moderate headache could be controlled via paracetamol. An easy analgesic coupled with caffeine might be of excellent relief.

Typical Headache Types You need to know

There are a lot of headache kinds negatively impacting people of ages: tension headaches, migraine headaches, natural head aches, rebound head aches, cluster head aches or hormone head aches. The therapy could be symptomatic or even cause-targeting. It so frequently occurs which while tenderness strikes all of us take a good aspirin, cope with the tenderness and place it all at the rear of. The trigger may end up being over-work, pressure, absence associated with sleep, hunger or even a cold. Most people can get more than this sort of small incidences quickly with out any difficulty.

The large issue is by using these head ache types that are so severe and harrassing they might require a complex therapy strategy. Medical as well as non-drug treatments are utilized in parallel with regard to preventing, stopping or even managing probably the most painful head aches possible. Cluster head aches are a case of the actual worst that may occur when it comes to soreness. They wake up you upward within the center of the evening with severe soreness on a single side from the head or round the eye. Occasionally the actual soreness does not disappear for many weeks or even many several weeks. Residing with this sort of an concern does indeed grow to be challenging.

Organic head ache types on the other hand are transitory as well as gentle within symptoms. They’re going with numerous health issues like sinusitis, seasonal colds as well as eyesight issues. An infection inside the sinuses may trigger head aches. The flu on the other hand can trigger a fever and also a gentle head ache. This type of difficulties will probably give in to symptomatic treatment, but you need to get the physician’s assistance, and make use of prescription-based medication to avoid negative effects and actually drug cable connections. These head ache types disappear without having any inconvenience since the infection is actually defeated and also the body recovers.

Migraines may also be serious when it comes to intensity. They bring about significant soreness all night and actually days, to not really mention they might be associated along with digestive signs and symptoms and awareness to gentle and sound too. The strength and rate of recurrence of this sort of headaches could be kept under control, but merely a physician may prescribe the best course associated with therapy. Life design treatments as well as self-help cures may also prove effective for this sort of headache kinds, simply because the reason behind migraines may be very near to house.

Stress as well as hormone head ache types must also end up being described for their higher event pace. Tension-type head aches seem because of the shrinkage from the neck as well as head muscles brought on by wrong entire body position. Hormone headaches on the other hand impact females only, and they are linked using the pre-menstrual affliction, the utilization of oral contraceptives, pregnancy and also the menopause.